New Zealand to drug test high school rugby teams

Drugfree Sport NZ says it has information indicating ‘a significant potential for doping to occur’

New Zealand is rolling out drug testing of its leading high school rugby teams in a move to address concerns about doping infiltrating the sport at junior level.

Drugfree Sport NZ said it had information which indicated “a significant potential for doping to occur” within the school rugby environment.

The top four first XVs would have their urine tested at a tournament in September, with their samples sent to the World Anti-Doping Agency-accredited laboratory in Sydney – the same facility that drug-tests the All Blacks.

Because of the young age of the boys they could choose to have a “representative” with them when they supply the sample.

Scott Tibbutt, chief operating officer of Drugfree Sport New Zealand, said his organisation had been concerned about doping and “uncontrolled” supplement use at high-school rugby for years, after reports emerged from South Africa, Canada and England of drug use trickling down from the professional leagues to the top school teams.

Competition at high school level has become intense in rugby playing nations around the world, with the best players able to move to professional careers straight after their studies – where lucrative contracts and sponsorship deals are on offer.

It was hoped drug testing alongside education would act as a deterrent to resist doping, Tibbutt said, and help young players move through the ranks without sucumbing to drugs or unnessary use of supplements.

“It is disappointing for us that supplement use and performance enhancing drugs seem to have become normalised in society and people seem to understand if you want to get big or ripped or faster you take supplements and that quite simply isn’t the case; the only thing supplements do is create expensive urine,” said Tibbutt.

“This age group is of concern because they do have such pressures on them at this level to win and progress.”

A study conducted by the University of Otago in 2013 surveyed 142 boys in the first XV rugby teams around the country, and found more than 70% had used four or more supplements in the past six weeks, and five individuals had taken illegal performance-enhancing drugs.

If those figures were extrapolated to top-level rugby around the country that meant one boy in every match could be on drugs, said Dr Hamish Osbourne, who worked on the study.

Reasons the boys gave for using drugs or supplements were to recover faster from injury, give them an edge over the competition in important matches, or to enhance their looks or muscle tone.

Of the 70% who admitted to using four or more supplements the most popular types were protein powders and energy drinks such as Gatorade.

Dr Osbourne said heavy reliance on protein powders was risky as numerous studies had shown 15- 30% of powders bought off the internet were laced with anabolic steroids and other stimulants, and the “feel-good” buzz they gave users could be a slippery slope to harder substances.

The new testing regime could be rolled out to elite schoolboy rugby across New Zealand, said Tibbutt, if further research proved the problem warranted a national approach. 

Reaction to the testing from coaches and schools was mixed, with some applauding the measure to crack down on drug use among young players to stop it progressing or becoming a habit.

Others said it was “unbelievably sad”.

“We’re incredibly disappointed,” New Zealand Rugby Players’ Association chief executive Rob Nichol told the New Zealand Herald.

“This is school; an educational environment for kids to learn. Now we’re talking about policing them under an anti-doping regime which is extremely staunch.”

Prime minister Bill English said he supported the move as the pressure in the top leagues was immense.

FA’s increased drug testing to focus on Premier League players

 New proposals envisage doubling of tests, concentrated on elite level 
 John Terry will not face gambling charge over final-game substitution

Drug testing in football will increase to unprecedented levels this season, with the Premier League coming under the greatest scrutiny.

The Football Association, in conjunction with UK Anti-Doping, conducted more than 3,250 tests on professional players last season, and there were two positive results with two further cases under review. But the game’s governing body has promised to raise that total to more than 5,000 over the coming year.

Football has the highest anti-doping budget in all of UK sport and also a far higher number of athletes to test. Figures published this year showed that, in the 2015-16 season, at least 39% of players in the Football League were not tested. The new proposals would double the number of tests taken and the FA is hoping to be seen to be taking the issue seriously.

Tests will continue to be concentrated on the elite level of the sport, with the flexibility to focus more resources on particular individuals or clubs, depending on intelligence.

Professional footballers can be tested at any time or place throughout the year on a “no notice” basis. Tests are conducted on urine and blood and players also maintain a biological passport that records variables in their system over time. Tests are split into two categories, those conducted in competition (ie after a match) and those not.

Clubs are responsible for notifying doping authorities of their players’ whereabouts for out-of-competition testing and a potential change, under review, would see an increase in fines for clubs who fail to meet that obligation. Manchester City and Bournemouth were fined £35,000 each last season after failing to ensure their whereabouts information was accurate.

Players are tested for performance-enhancing drugs and social drugs. Positive tests for the latter do not always result in the player being named, however. The FA has a long-standing approach of preferring rehabilitation in these cases.

Splitting what might previously have been known as football disciplinary matters into two categories – on-field and integrity – the FA looks poised to introduce other regulatory changes this season. Among on‑field matters, game-changing moments of simulation (ie diving) will become subject to retrospective action, just as happens already with violent conduct. On the integrity side there will be extra focus on gambling and the use of social media among players.

On one matter falling in the former category, it has been confirmed John Terry will not face FA charges over the potential for irregular gambling practices after his sentimental substitution in the 26th minute of his final game for Chelsea.

Meanwhile, the English Football League is introducing the new ABBA format for penalty shootouts in its competitions during the 2017-18 season.

Already being given a trial by Uefa, the system is based on the format used in tennis tie-breaks, with the team taking the first kick in each pair of kicks alternating.

The EFL’s trial of the format will apply to this season’s Carabao Cup, Checkatrade Trophy and the play-offs, with the first opportunity for its use coming in the cup’s first round on 8-10 August.

In a statement the EFL’s chief executive, Shaun Harvey, said: “We welcome innovation at the EFL and I am pleased to see that the EFL is able to play its part in an important development for football. IFAB have identified a theory that the current arrangements for penalty kicks potentially provide an unfair advantage to the team taking the first kick, so we are keen to see if the new system has an impact on one of the most discussed issues in football.”

The EFL has also confirmed that the Scunthorpe chief executive, James Rodwell, will continue to represent the league on the Football Association’s board of directors. The 46-year-old joined the FA board last year as one of the EFL’s two representatives but, after the FA’s well-publicised governance reforms, that has now been cut to one director for the EFL and one for the Premier League, with the leagues jointly choosing a third director.

This means the Burton Albion non-executive director, Jez Moxey, must stand down as the EFL’s second FA board member, although he will remain as one of the EFL’s six representatives on the FA Council. Moxey will be joined on the FA Council by Fleetwood Town’s Steve Curwood and the controversial chief executive of Charlton Athletic, Katrien Meire.

US Open 2017 Day One live: Maria Sharapova wins on doping suspension return

US Open 2017 Day One live: Maria Sharapova wins on doping suspension return

 
Maria Sharapova of Russia serves during her first round Women's Singles match against Simona Halep. Picture: Getty
Maria Sharapova of Russia serves during her first round Women’s Singles match against Simona Halep. Picture: Getty
Thanasi Kokkinakis is up against Janko Tipsarevic. Picture: AFP
Thanasi Kokkinakis is up against Janko Tipsarevic. Picture: AFP
Bernard Tomic lost to Gilles Muller of Luxembourg. Picture: AFP
Bernard Tomic lost to Gilles Muller of Luxembourg. Picture: AFP

US Open: Thank you for joining us for The Australian’s coverage of the key moments on day one at Flushing Meadows, with Maria Sharapova’s return the big story of the day. Thanasi Kokkinakis and Bernard Tomic have already been knocked out but Ash Barty is one of three Australian players through in the women’s singles. And Jordan Thompson has pulled off one of the shocks of the day.

We’ll be back tomorrow with Nick Kyrgios in action – and of course those young guns Roger Federer and Rafa Nadal making their entrance.

HOW THE DAY UNFOLDED

 | 12.55PMSharapova fights back tears

Sharapova falls to her knees after victory an appears to fight back the tears as she takes the plaudits of the crowd, who give her a huge reception. She is soon all smiles though as she regains her composure.

“I just thought that this was another match but this was so much more. You just figure everything you go through is worth it for this moment.,” Sharapova said in her on-court interview.

“You sometimes wonder why you put in all the work and this is exactly why. There were a few [low points] but I don’t think this is the time to talk about that.

“Behind all these Swarovski crystals and little black dresses this girl has a lot of grit and is not going anywhere.”

 

 

 | 12.46PMSharapova wins

Sharapova is through 6-4, 4-6, 6-3! She looked liked she was tiring badly after dropping the second set but impressively stepped it up in the third and No.2 seed Simona Halep is out. She faces Timea Babos of Hungary next up.

 | 12.20PMSharapova in control

Blistering start to the decider from Sharapova, who swiftly moves into a 3-0 lead with a break in the second game.

 | 12PMAll level

The first set took an hour – the second 56 minutes and second seed Halep is back in it. Sharapova had her chances to charge ahead early in the second set but the Romanian fought back to take this into a decider.

Simona Halep of Romania returns a shot against Maria Sharapova. Picture: Getty
Simona Halep of Romania returns a shot against Maria Sharapova. Picture: Getty

 | 11.46AMThompson wins

Stunning upset at Armstrong Stadium as Sydneysider Jordan Thompson defeats American 13 seed Jack Sock 6-2, 7-6, 1-6, 5-7, 6-4. The win of his career.

 | 11.20AMThompson battles back

All eyes on Sharapova – but a real epic is being played out on Armstrong Stadium. American 13 seed Jack Sock saved match points and fought back from two sets down to level against Australian Jordan Thompson. But Thompson has broken in the decider and now leads 3-1. Thompson has only reached the second round of a slam twice – Australia this year and Paris in 2016.

 | 11.05AMFirst set for Sharapova

Was it ever in doubt? Stunning return to action for Sharapova who takes the first set against Halep 6-4. Plenty of twists and turns left in this one, though, one suspects. Sharapova hit 32 winners in that first set, compared to 6 for Halep.

 | 10.30AMStorming start for Sharapova

Up against the number two seed in her first Grand Slam match since serving a 15-month doping suspension, Maria Sharapova shows she has lost none of her power blasting her way to an early break and a 3-1 lead. Sharapova has won all six previous matches against Halep.

 | 10.20AMSmith out

Jason-Patrick Smith loses in four to Thomas Fabbiano 7-6, 6-4, 3-6, 7-6. Meanwhile, Jack Sock has taken the third set against Jordan Thompson but the Australian leads.

 | 10.05AMKokkinakis out

The Australian saved three match points to force Tipsarevic to serve for the match but the Serbian duly obliges, fighting back to win 6-7, 3-6, 6-1, 7-6, 6-3. That will be a tough one to take for Kokkinakis, who was treated for an elbow injury and complained of pains all the way down his left side.

 | 9.55AMSharapova back in black

Maria Sharapova, clad in black, has stepped out onto the court at Arthur Ashe for her first Grand Slam match since serving a 15-month doping suspension. She faces second-ranked Simona Halep. The 30-year-old, a five-time Grand Slam champion, tested positive for the blood boosting drug meldonium at the 2016 Australian Open. Sharapova, ranked 146th, played only one US Open hardcourt tune-up match before a forearm injury sidelined her.

 | 9.45AMKokkinakis hanging on

Tipsarevic is 4-2 up in the deciding fifth set. The Australian, remember, was two sets ahead.

 | 9.36AMThompson takes second set

Huge second set on Armstrong Stadium and where Australia’s Jordan Thompson has moved into a two set lead against the American 13th seed Jack Sock. Thompson took the tiebreak 14-12 — this would be a huge upset.

Elsewhere, Kokkinakis and Tipsarevic on serve early in the deciding fifth and John Patrick-Smith has taken the third against Thomas Fabbiano, to trail 2-1.

 | 9.10AMKokkinakis take to a fifth

This is turning into an epic on court 17 where Tipsarevic has just taken the fourth set in the tiebreak. The first set was 61 minutes long, this one was 65 minutes long. We’re into the decider. John-Patrick Smith is two sets down to Thomas Fabbiano.

 | 8.50AMBarty through

Terrific win for Ash Barty, who has defeated the NO 21 seed Ana Konjuh 4-6, 6-0, 6-1. Stunning second and third set, taking just 43 minutes to win the final two sets. Barty will now face world No. 88 Aliaksandra Sasnovich in round two.

 | 8.30AMBig upset on the cards?

Jordan Thompson has taken the first set against home favourite and 13th seed Jack Sock on Armstrong Stadium. The world No 73 took just 36 minutes to win 6-2, winning four successive games at the tail end of the set.

 | 8.22AMBarty battles back

Better news on court seven for Ash Barty — she lost the first set to 21st seen Ana Konjuh but has taken the second 6-0. Kokkinakis has lost the fourth set to Tipsarevic but still leads 2-1, and John-Patrick Smith has lost his opening set to Thomas Fabbiano.

Thanasi Kokkinakis takes on Janko Tipsarevic. Picture: AFP
Thanasi Kokkinakis takes on Janko Tipsarevic. Picture: AFP

 | 8.15AMTomic out

It is all over for Tomic, who has lost the fourth set against Gilles Muller, going down 6-3, 3-6, 4-6, 4-6. Tomic, who has dropped to No 146 in the world and now he cannot expect to be given wildcard entries from tournament directors. His next stop, if indeed there is one, will be Challenger and Future tournaments that offer total prize pools of between $US15,000 and $US25,000.

 | 8.10AMKey results this morning

Some big names through — and out. Reigning Wimbledon champion Garbine Muguruza advanced but British seventh seed Johanna Konta was ousted. Marin Cilic, the 2014 US Open champion and last month’s Wimbledon runner-up, had not played since losing the All England final to Roger Federer due to an adductor strain. But the Croatian fifth seed ousted 105th-ranked American Tennys Sandgren 6-4, 6-3, 3-6, 6-3.

Venus Williams hist out against Viktoria Kuzmova. Picture: AFP
Venus Williams hist out against Viktoria Kuzmova. Picture: AFP

Seven-time Grand Slam champion Venus Williams, this year’s Australian Open and Wimbledon runner-up, outlasted Slovakia’s 135th-ranked Viktoria Kuzmova 6-3, 3-6, 6-2.

Spanish seeds had mixed results with Pablo Carreno Busta progressing to the second round while David Ferrer lost.

 | 8AMFive Aussies on court

Plenty of Australian interest right now, including Jordan Thompson, who has just started his match with American 13th seed Jack Sock on Armstrong Stadium.

Elsewhere, Ash Barty is 5-4 down to Ana Konjuh in the first set, Tomic is midway through the fourth against Muller, fighting to stay alive, John-Patrick Smith is taking on Thomas Fabbiano and Kokkinakis is two sets up against Tipsarevic.

 | 7.42AMSecond set to Kokkinakis

Rising star Thanasi Kokkinakis will be one to avoid if he gets through today — and the Australian is two sets up against Tipsarevic, having taken the second 6-3 in 39 minutes. If he wins he faces Argentina’s Diego Schwartzman before a possible clash with Marin Cilic.

 | 7.30AMTomic loses third set

That is the crucial third set for 19th seed Gilles Muller — he takes it 6-4 in 45 minutes, breaking in the ninth game to lead Bernard Tomic two sets to one.

 | 7.20AMAnother Aussie through

Fantastic victory for Ajla Tomljanovic, who has defeated Sweden’s Johanna Larsson 7-5, 6-4. She will play in the second round of the US Open for the first time in four years, where she will face Serbia’s Aleksandra Krunic, who defeated seventh seed Jo Konta.

 | 7.15AMPlenty of shocks on day one

Here’s the biggest so far — British seventh seed Johanna Konta has crashed out, ending her slim hopes of becoming world number one. Konta was beaten 4-6, 6-3, 6-4 by Serbia’s Aleksandra Krunic, who goes on to face either Ajla Tomljanovic of Australia or Sweden’s Johanna Larsson for a place in the last 32.

 

 

 | 7.10AMTomic troubles

Tomic, of course, has not played a match since his ignominious first-round exit at Wimbledon, where he declared he was bored out on court and no longer cared whether he won or lost. He has withdrawn from three consecutive tournaments, citing illness each time. When the latest ATP rankings — the global pecking order for professional tennis players — are published on Monday, Tomic is expected to have slipped to No 146 in the world, a staggering 120 places below where he started this year.

 | 7AMState of play

Bernard Tomic is embroiled in a first-round battle with 19th seed Gilles Muller. Tomic took the first set 6-3, before dropping the second 3-6, with both players on serve early in the third. Good news for Kokkinakis, who has just taken the first set against Janko Tipsarević 7-5 in a tie-break.

In the women’s singles, Ajla Tomljanovic is a set up against Johanna Larsson — on serve deep in the second there.

Arina Rodionova beatRichel Hogenkamp of the Netherlands. Picture: AFP
Arina Rodionova beatRichel Hogenkamp of the Netherlands. Picture: AFP

 | 6.50AMRodionova races through

Arina Rodionova is the first Australian through to the second round of the US Open in New York.

Australia’s only first-round Wimbledon winner last month backed that up to advance with a 7-5 7-5 victory over Dutchwoman Richel Hogenkamp. She next faces Greece’s Maria Sakkari for a place in the third round of a grand slam for the first time.

Rodionova rallied from an early service break down to post her maiden main-draw win at Flushing Meadows, six weeks after achieving the same feat at The All England Club.

World Road Championships

The World Road Championships is an annual competition consisting of events for road race, individual time trial, and Team Time Trials (since 2012). The Championships is regulated by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI). It is held in a different city each year. It is part of the Triple Crown of Cycling, along with the Giro d’Italia and the Tour de France.

for more information: http://www.uci.ch/road/ucievents/2017-road-uci-road-world-championships/111129017/

History and Hosts

A Cycling World championships were first held in 1921, a road race for amateur cyclists. The first professional world championship took place in 1927. The women’s road race was introduced in 1958. A men’s team time trial was introduced in 1962.

Year Location Country
2019 Yorkshire UK
2018 Innsbruck Austria
2017 Bergen Norway
2016 Doha Qatar
2015 Richmond United States
2014 Ponferrada Spain
2013 Florence Italy
2012 Valkenburg Netherlands
2011 Copenhagen Denmark
2010 Melbourne and Geelong Australia
2009 Mendrisio Switzerland
2008 Varese Italy
2007 Stuttgart Germany
2006 Salzburg Austria
2005 Madrid Spain
2004 Verona Italy
2003 Hamilton Canada
2002 Zolder and Hasselt Belgium
2001 Lisbon Portugal
2000 Plouay France
1999 Verona Italy
1998 Valkenburg Netherlands
1997 San Sebastian Spain
1996 Lugano Switzerland
1995 Duitama Colombia
1994 Agrigento Italy
1993 Oslo Norway
1992 Benidorm Spain
1991 Stuttgart Germany
1990 Utsunomiya Japan
1989 Chambery France
1988 Ronse Belgium
1987 Villach Austria
1986 Colorado Springs United States
1985 Giavera del Montello Italy
1984 Barcelona Spain
1983 Altenrhein Switzerland
1982 Goodwood United Kingdom
1981 Prague Czechoslovakia
1980 Sallanches France
1979 Valkenburg Netherlands
1978 Nurburgring West Germany
1977 San Cristibal Venezuela
1976 Ostuni Italy
1975 Yvoir Belgium
1974 Montreal Canada
1973 Barcelona Spain
1972 Gap France
1971 Mendrisio Switzerland
1970 Leicester United Kingdom
1969 Zolder Belgium
1968 Imola Italy
1967 Heerlen Netherlands
1966 Nurburgring West Germany
1965 San Sebastian Spain
1964 Sallanches France
1963 Ronse Belgium
1962 Garda Italy
1961 Berne Switzerland
1960 Karl-Marx-Stadt East Germany
1959 Zandvoort Netherlands
1958 Reims France
1957 Waregem Belgium
1956 Copenhagen Denmark
1955 Frascati Italy
1954 Solingen West Germany
1953 Lugano Switzerland
1952 Luxembourg Luxembourg
1951 Varese Italy
1950 Moorslede Belgium
1949 Copenhagen Denmark
1948 Valkenburg Netherlands
1947 Reims France
1946 Zurich Switzerland
1938 Valkenburg Netherlands
1937 Copenhagen Denmark
1936 Berne Switzerland
1935 Floreffe Belgium
1934 Leipzig Germany
1933 MontlhŽry France
1932 Rome Italy
1931 Copenhagen Denmark
1930 Lige Belgium
1929 Zurich Switzerland
1928 Budapest Hungary
1927 Nurburgring Germany
1926 Milan Italy
1925 Apeldoorn Netherlands
1924 Paris France
1923 Zurich Switzerland
1922 Liverpool United Kingdom
1921 Copenhagen Denmark

WADA THERAPEUTIC USE EXEMPTION SYMPOSIUM HELSINKI, 21-22 SEPTEMBER 2017

WADA is pleased to confirm that on 21 and 22 September 2017, in generous co-operation with the Finnish Center for Integrity in Sports (FINCIS) and the Finnish Ministry of Education, WADA will host a Symposium on the topic of Therapeutic Use Exemption, specifically tailored for clinicians.
 
The primary objective of the meeting is to unify our approach concerning the Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) process, ensuring that athletes with genuine medical problems remain fully engaged in sport despite their need for the use of a prohibited substance. A unique opportunity will be offered to representatives from National Anti-Doping Organizations (NADOs) and International Federations (IFs) to meet in a common forum to discuss issues of mutual importance.
 
The two-day programme addresses challenging and timely topics including contentious TUE case studies, cultural influences on the granting of TUEs and Prohibited List criteria as they relate to TUEs. Also on the agenda will be talks on retroactive TUEs, effects of possible future International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions (ISTUE) revisions and other medico-legal topics. A special hands-on session will address practical real life challenges in anti-doping and showcase tested strategies of experienced professionals. Talks at the Symposium will be delivered through a lively combination of podium presentations and interactive discussions.
 
Please save the date to attend this Symposium which will have a distinct clinical bias aimed primarily at the Chairs of TUE Committees. We welcome your attendance in Helsinki. Further details including the programme for this practical and thought provoking Symposium will be provided shortly.

 

Source News Release WADA

The FISU-WADA Anti-Doping Programme for Universities

 

AUGUST 24 2017 TO AUGUST 31 2017 AT Taipei, Taiwan

 
 

Background

FISU has partnered with the Gwangju Universiade Organising Committee (GUOC) and the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) to develop a new resource to support universities from all over the world, in introducing the topic of the fight against doping in sport.

Engaging university students is the perfect way to promote drug-free sport values to future sport leaders and professionals. The FISU-WADA partnership project, which strives to create a drug-free environment to protect athletes and youth, is part of the GUOC’s Legacy Programme for the 2015 Universiade, which took place in Gwangju, Republic of Korea, on 3-14 July 2015.

 

Programme Objectives

  • Develop an integrated e-textbook and teaching material to raise the social awareness of the fight against doping in sport among first year university students
  • Educate future practitioners, athletes, coaches and all leaders of sport, on the dangers of doping in sport and their role in fighting doping in sport
  • Support universities in integrating anti-doping in different areas of study, by identifying topics to be covered and providing support material for addressing in the classroom

 

Programme End Result

The Anti-Doping Textbook and teaching material have been designed to be a comprehensive overview of doping in sport and issues related to this. Their target audience is those university students who will one day be involved in sport in many different capacities and disciplines. This could range from working with elite athletes to being involved at grass roots level or in as diverse profession as sports law to sports medicine.

The textbook is available in English, French, Korean, Russian and Spanish. It is accessible free of charge, along with the support material for instructors, through an online platform, the Anti-Doping Learning Hub.

The programme pilot phase was held over 2014-2015, with an official launch for the 2015-2016 academic year during the 2015 FISU Summer Universiade Conference in Gwangju.

http://www.fisu.net/events/educational-services/education/fisu-wada-anti-doping-programme-for-universities

US Open (tennis)

August 28, 2017 – A view of fans around the grounds at the 2017 US Open.

The United States Open Tennis Championships is a hard court tennis tournament. The tournament is the modern version of one of the oldest tennis championships in the world, the U.S. National Championship, for which men’s singles was first contested in 1881. Since 1987, the US Open has been chronologically the fourth and final tennis major comprising the Grand Slam each year; the other three, in chronological order, are the Australian Open, the French Open and Wimbledon.

The US Open is held annually, starting on the last Monday in August, and lasting for two weeks into September, with the middle weekend coinciding with the Labor Day holiday. The main tournament consists of five event championships: men’s and women’s singles, men’s and women’s doubles, and mixed doubles, with additional tournaments for senior, junior, and wheelchair players. Since 1978, the tournament has been played on acrylic hard courts at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center in Flushing Meadows–Corona ParkQueensNew York City. The US Open is owned and organized by the United States Tennis Association(USTA), a not-for-profit organization. Net proceeds from ticket sales, sponsorships, and television deals are used to promote the development of tennis in the United States.

The US Open is the only Grand Slam that employs tiebreakers in every set of a match. For the other three Grand Slam events, if a match goes to the last possible set (the third for women, fifth for men) and there is a 6–6 tie, the match continues until one player wins by two games, but the sets played before the last set always employ tiebreakers should a set reach 6–6.

More Information

  • read books about the US Open.

see the list of winners of the US Open.

history of the US Open

US Open Trivia

Ticketing Information

http://www.usopen.org/index.html
https://www.tennistours.com/us-open/tickets/

Andreas Krieger, former German shot putter

 

Andreas Krieger is born in 1965 as Heidi Krieger. At the age of 14, Heidi begins her career as a professional athlete. Less than two years later, her coach gives her pills in addition to the vitamins she takes regularly, claiming they will help her perform well. Heidi trusts him.

Heidi becomes stronger and her performance improves steadily. In 1986 Heidi wins gold in women’s shot put at the European Athletics Championships in Stuttgart. She put her winning shot at 21.10 meters.

At age 26 Heidi ends her career because
the doping substances have taken a toll on her body.

In 1997 Heidi Krieger finally becomes Andreas Krieger. The decision to live as a man saves his life.

IMPORTANT EVENTS IN ANDREAS’ LIFE

 
 
 

1979

At the age of 14, Heidi is sent to a special school for young athletes (KJS). It is there that she begins her career as a professional athlete in the East German sports system. She progresses quickly and then joins the SC Dynamo Berlin sports club, which trains at the Sportforum in Berlin. Heidi is under close observation and is expected to bring home medals for the East German state.

1981

Heidi’s coach gives her “blue pills” in addition to the vitamins she takes regularly – her first doping substances. She doesn’t know what they’re called; the pills are not in their original package. Heidi’s coach says they will help her perform well.

1986

Heidi Krieger wins gold in women’s shot put at the European Athletics Championships in Stuttgart. She put her winning shot 21.10 meters.

1989

The Berlin Wall falls, the Cold War comes to an end, and Heidi is still a high-performance athlete. However, two years later, at the age of 26, she ends her career because the doping substances have taken a toll on her body.

1995

Heidi experiences a turning point in her life. A friend and co-worker explains the inner turmoil that she’s been facing. He gives it a name: transsexuality.

1998

Heidi Krieger is now Andreas Krieger – a process that has taken three years. The decision to live as a man saves his life.

2000

In 2000, those responsible for systematic doping in communist East Germany are put on trial. Andreas attends the trial and realizes for the first time that he had been inadvertently subjected to doping for many years.

2002

Andreas marries a woman whom he had met at the doping trial two years earlier: “I feel like I won the jackpot. I am so blessed.”